'For most people, calling to mind an apple or the front door, will involve an experience that’s at least partly visual,' Professor Zeman explained. Claire Strickland, 38, from Isle of Dogs, London, doesn't see her aphantasia as an obstacle in her ability to create and design, Milliner Claire Strickland, 38, from Isle of Dogs, says her aphantasia, which means she sees her hat designs as black-and-white 'blobs' in her head, hasn't been an obstacle to a successful career, Claire, pictured at work in her studio, assumed she had a form of dyslexia when she couldn't picture things and became 'obsessed' with aphantasia when she first discovered the condition. This questionnaire invites the person to visualize a series of images (a relative, a rising sun, a shop they know, etc.) 'I do wonder the impact the condition has had on my education and learning. The definitions may also change. However, little is known about the number of people with aphantasia, nor how it affects their lives, positively or negatively. ', Wendi says she has photos of her late husband Phil, pictured, around her because she struggles to remember his face in her mind's eye. 'I TAKE PICTURES TO DOCUMENT THE WORLD AROUND ME'. If you're among the approximately 1 to 3 percent of people with a recently discovered condition called "aphantasia," chances are you see absolutely nothing in your imagination. In addition to noting that people experience various degrees of vividness when describing their mental visual imagery, he also reported that some people experienced no visual imagery … I consider it a disability in the very basic sense that it is a distinct lack of ability to visualize. Many people with aphantasia are also unable to recall sounds, smells, or sensations of touch. It is simply part of their existence and has little impact on how they live their lives. While people with aphantasia lack visual imagery, they appear to have intact spatial memory, which is distinct from imagery and may be stored differently, according to Bainbridge. Many people with aphantasia also report an inability to recall sounds, smells, or sensations of touch. Indeed, the fact that so many people are shocked to learn about aphantasia shows that the differences play out on a private level, shaping tastes rather than warping experiences. Many people with aphantasia realized only after Zeman’s studies were published that there was such a thing as seeing with the mind’s eye. In Aphantasia, there are usually no special medical complications. This is known as congenital aphantasia. You won’t know you have it until you read about it. In the US, that’s about as many as are named John. Giant snake is spotted loose in Greenock streets in Scotland, Marjorie Taylor Greene: 'David Hogg was an adult, and I'm not sorry', Man rescues dog from the Thames and reunites him with owner, 'It's going really well' - Matt Hancock happy with vaccine rollout, 'I take charge!' Others have hyperphantasia – imagery ‘as vivid as real seeing.’. Zeman accounts for this by claiming that people with aphantasia may be able to form images, but due to a faulty projector, they don’t have conscious access to them. But it’s unclear how many other people can. "Aphantasia" was coined by the neurologist Adam Zeman in 2015. Also known as “AphantasiaMeow,” Alec has been helping many people remove aphantasia from their lives. Aphantasia is not a monolithic condition. Others struggle to remember memories in general, whilst others have been commended on their excellent recall. In 2015, Zeman's team published a paper on what they termed "congenital aphantasia", sparking renewed interest in the phenomenon. They had read about a patient I’d studied, who’d lost his ability to visualise following cardiac surgery – and realised they were similar, but had never been able to visualise, 'Imagery experience is rather private and difficult to observe, but a vividness questionnaire helps us to quantify it. Literally. You simply can’t imagine what it’s like not to imagine. There is still so much that the scientific community is discovering about the mind's eye. I hope the tens of thousands of pictures and videos I continue to add to will one day enable Andy to look back and see what our first home looked like, the nursery we painted together for our first-born, the beautiful lighting of the register office we married in, the holidays we've shared. For me, aphantasia impacts all five senses and it that in itself can be difficult to explain because sensory ability is entirely subjective and hard to measure.'. and rank how vivid the image is, from "perfectly clear and lively as real seeing" (5 points) to "no image at all, you only know that you are thinking of the object" (1 point). , In April 2016 Blake Ross, co-creator of Firefox, published an essay describing his own aphantasia and his realization that not everyone experiences it.  Following the publication of MX's case in 2010, a number of people approached Zeman reporting a lifelong inability to visualise. He also struggled with directions, or remembering simple conversations. As vivid as real life (2%) Therefore about 15% of people have Aphantasia. The project is being crowd-funded on the everyday hero platform. Another study posited that frontal engagement driving feedback connections activates sensory representations in the visual cortex; people with aphantasia could have a deficit with these feedback connections such that the visual cortex cannot be activated to produce an image. Many people with aphantasia do not even realize that their experience is any different than that of other people. 'I coined the term aphantasia in 2015, after being contacted by around 20 people with lifelong lack of a mind’s eye . Some struggle to remember memories in general, for example, while others have excellent recall. Although the focus has been on visual imagery, many people with aphantasia cannot form “mental images” of any sensory experience. Many people who have been begging for real clinical research into this issue for years, are very excited right now, to see mainstream media attention focusing on aphantasia. 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