In 1928, a relay station was built in Khadki to relay telegraph signals for the Imperial Wireless Chain. The main temple of Khandoba, the family deity for most Marathi Hindus, is in Jejuri.[122]. It is very hilly and raised area … 24, No. And, when you need to get home there are 179 bus and tram stops, and subway and railway stations in Pune. Standard. Its four Lok Sabha constituencies are Pune, Baramati, Shirur and Maval (shared with Raigad district). [50] In 1718, Shahu sent him to Delhi to assist the Sayyads; in return for this help, Muhammad Shah (the Mughal emperor in Delhi) granted Shahu sardeshmukhi rights for Pune, Supa, Baramati, Indapur and Junnar. In 1885, Pune was a post-distribution hub for the district. Lohagad fort is another hill fort which belonged to Shivaji. Pune District occupies an area of approximately 15642 square kilometres.. Its in the 623 meters to 186 meters elevation range.This District belongs to … [64][65] The festivals, the building of temples and temple rituals led to religion being responsible for about 15 percent of the city's economy during this period. Its average rainfall is 600 to 700 millimetres (24 to 28 in), most of which falls during the monsoon months (July to October). Top Places to Visit in Pune District, Maharashtra: See Tripadvisor's 2,25,075 traveller reviews and photos of Pune District attractions. The British designated Pune as the monsoon capital of the Bombay Presidency, and many buildings and parks from the era remain. Learn how to create your own. Kyosuke Adachi, "Dakshina Rules of Bombay Presidency (183(-1851): Its Constitution and Principles". [13] The fort at Chakan played an important role in the history of the Deccan sultanates. Pune District’s Population according to 2011 Census Report Total: 9426259 Male: 4936362 Female:4490597, Bhima,Nira , Indrayani, Mula, Mutha, Ghod, Meena ,Kukdi, Pushpavati, Pavna, Ramnadi, Pune Muncipal Corporation and Pimpri-Chinchwad Corporation, Haveli, Punecity, Maval, Mulshi, Shirur, Baramati, Indapur, Daund, Bhor, Velha, Purandar, Khed, Junnar, Ambegaon. Puneri Paltan, one of ten teams in the professional kabaddi league, has its home ground in Balewadi. Our city map of Pune (India) shows 12,355 km of streets and paths. [15] During the early 1600s, the Nizam Shahi general Malik Ambar moved his capital there.[16]. The town of Junnar and the Buddhist caves at Karla date back more than two thousand years, and visitors to Junnar were recorded in the 1400s. During the 1960s, motorized three-wheeled auto rickshaws began replacing horse-drawn tangas in the district's urban areas; their number grew from 200 in 1960 to over 20,000 in 1996. Its nominal sovereignty changed with shifting allegiances of the Bhosale family. FC Pune City plays in the Indian Super League since the league's inception in 2014. Company rule came to an end when, under the terms of a proclamation issued by Queen Victoria, the Bombay Presidency, Pune and the rest of British India came under the British crown in 1858. [66][67][68], Peshwas and knights residing in the city had individual hobbies and interests; Madhavrao II had a private collection of exotic animals, such as lions and rhinoceros, near the Peshwe Park zoo. The Poona electric-supply company, a Tata company, received power from the Khopoli (on the Mumbai side of the Ghats) and Bhivpuri plants near the Mulshi dam. Pune District Court is under the High Court's administrative control. [108] The overtapping of aquifers has led to increased water salinity in the talukas of Purandhar, Baramati, Daund, Indapur and Shirur (in the eastern part of the district), threatening agriculture and the drinking-water supply. [3] It is one of the most industrialized districts in India. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient/Journal de l'histoire economique et sociale de l'Orient (1965): 316-322. [51] Baji Rao moved his administration from Saswad to nearby Pune in 1728, laying the foundation for turning a kasbah into a large city. [2] The district's population-growth rate between 2001 and 2011 was 30.34 percent. Court decisions are subject to the appellate jurisdiction of Bombay High Court. Review by: Meera Kosambi Maloji was also given charge of the forts at Shivneri and Chakan, which played an important role in the district's early political history.[17]. In 2011 there were total 2151503 families residing in Pune district. The kotwal was assisted by police officers who manned the chavdi (police station), and clerks collected fines and paid informants who provided intelligence. If you wanted to walk them all, assuming you walked four kilometers an hour, eight hours a day, it would take you 386 days. Pune District Tourism: Tripadvisor has 2,24,941 reviews of Pune District Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Pune District Tourism resource. A Tughlaq governor on the Deccan Plateau rebelled and created the Bahamani Sultanate, which later dissolved into the Deccan sultanates. Peshwa influence in India declined after the defeat of Maratha forces in the 1761 Battle of Panipat, but Pune remained the seat of power. Rajgad was his seat of government until his 1674 coronation.[40]. There was a sharp rise in 2006–07, when the number of daily passengers reached 4,309. Police Commission and India. Economic and Political Weekly History of Police Organization in India and Indian Village Police: Being Select Chapters of the Report of the Indian Police Commission, 1902-1903. [71][72] Lavani used to be essential part of Holi celebrations in the region's Peshwa courts.[73]. According to the 2001 census, most of the district's population is Hindu; there are also significant minorities of Muslims and Buddhists. By age, 685,022 were age four or younger; 1,491,352 were between ages five and 15; 4,466,901 were 15 to 59, and 589,280 were 60 years of age or older. The Pune metropolitan area was defined in 1967 as the city, the three cantonment areas and the villages on its outskirts. A well-known saying in the era before the third battle of Panipat was that the "ponies of Bhimthadi[48] drank the water of the Indus river". [63], Pune also had many public festivals. [111] Most growers of cash crops (including cotton) in the district belong to agricultural cooperatives and sugar is produced in mills owned by local cooperative societies whose members of supply sugarcane to the mills. To minimize drought risk, a masonry dam was built on the Mutha River at Khadakwasla in 1878. [15] For nearly a generation, Ambar guided the Nizamshahi kingdom and the Pune region benefited from his leadership. Districts Subdivision Location on District Map Ambegaon: Khed Technology and Culture, 12(4), pp. Ahmadnagar district on north-east,Solapur district on the south-east, Satara district on south, Raigad district on the west and Thane district on the northe-west. Districts, cities and towns in the boundaries of 2011. Pune district has been at the center of Maharashtraian and Marathi history for more than four hundred years, beginning with the Deccan sultanates and followed by the Maratha Empire. The district court is also a Sessions Court for criminal matters. Shaniwar Wada 2. List of dams and reservoirs in Maharashtra, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, Dr. D.Y. Around 1970, Pune emerged as India's leading engineering region with the expansion of Telco, Bajaj, Kinetic, Bharat Forge, Alfa Laval, Atlas Copco, Sandvik and Thermax; the region vied with Chennai as the "Detroit of India". Find tehsil map of Pune, highlights the name and location of all the Talukas in Pune district, Maharashtra. Geography of Pune Pune district is located 560 m above sea level on the western margin of the Deccan plateau. [54] Under Peshwa rule, the urban elite came from the Chitpavan Brahmin community; they were the military commanders, the bureaucrats and the bankers, and had ties to each other by marriage. The district had a population of 4.2 million in 1991, of which 52 percent was rural. Pune city is the administrative headquarters of Pune district and was once the centre of power of the Maratha Empire established by Shivaji Maharaj. [23] His mother was Jijabai, the daughter of Lakhuji Jadhavrao of Sindhkhed (a Mughal-allied sardar claiming descent from a Yadav royal family from Devagiri.[24][25]. According to the 2001 census, about 80 percent of the district's population speaks Marathi. Other crops include wheat, pulses, vegetables and onions. This map was created by a user. Thanks to Mapbox for providing amazing maps. [40], During the late 1640s and 1650s, Shivaji controlled the Pune district and beyond. A suburban rail system, operated by Central Railway, connects Pune to its suburbs and neighboring villages west of the city. Review: Glory of Peshwa Pune The landscape of Pune district is distributed triangularly in western Maharashtra at the foothills of the Sahyadri Mountains and is divided into three parts: “Ghatmatha”, “Maval” and “Desh”. Major festivals were Ganeshotsav, the Deccan New Year (Gudi Padwa), Holi, and Dasara. Water for the people--promoting equity and sustainability through watershed developments in rural Maharashtra (Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology), "Nallathiga, Ramakrishna, Khyati Tewari, Anchal Saboo, and Susan Varghese. There are 14 Talukas, 1877 villages and 35 towns in Pune district. "The Genesis of Maharashtra History and Culture." During the 1400s, Russian traveler Afanasy Nikitin spent many months in Junnar during the monsoon season and vividly describes life in the region under Bahamani rule. Since Pune's air traffic is controlled by the Indian Air Force (IAF),[115] there is occasional conflict between the Airports Authority of India and the IAF over flight schedules or night landings. [74] A rail line from Bombay, operated by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR), reached Pune in 1858. Pune is at an altitude of 559 metres (1,863 feet). [2] Pune has a sex ratio of 910 females to every 1,000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 87.19 percent.[2]. Pune district is a district in state of Maharashtra in India.There are 15 talukas (talukas) in Pune district (including 2 city talukas). Industrial Outlook. Map Pages Nearest Localities. Many Peshwas and their courtiers were patrons of lavani and Maharashtrian dance, and a number of composers (such as Ram Joshi, Anant Phandi, Prabhakar and Honaji Bala) flourished during this period. Pune was captured by Yashwantrao Holkar in the 1802 Battle of Pune, precipitating the Second Anglo-Maratha War of 1803–1805. 2020's top natural attractions in Pune District include Malshej Ghat, Pawna Lake + Karla Caves. Reviewed Work: Poona in the Eighteenth Century: An Urban History by Balkrishna Govind Gokhale Nizamshahi minister Malik Ambar raised Murtaza Nizam Shah II to the throne, with its temporary headquarters at Junnar. Osho Ashram 4. The population of children between age 0-6 is 1104959 which is 11.72% of total population. [18], Shahaji's second son, Shivaji (founder of the Maratha Empire), was born on the hill fort of Shivneri near Junnar on 19 February 1630. The district became politically important when the Nizamshahi capital was moved to Junnar at the beginning of the 16th century. [98] Instruction is primarily in Marathi, English or Hindi, although Urdu is also used. In the exploratory stage you may visualize it to detect patterns, e.g. Census of India District-code for Pune: 521. [114] The Pune Municipal Corporation began a bus rapid transit system (India's first) in 2006, but it encountered a number of difficulties. © District Administration Satara , Developed and hosted by National Informatics Centre, Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Government of India. All attractions in Pune . The airport apron is becoming inadequate to handle the growing number of flights into Pune since the airport's upgrade to international status with flights to Dubai, Singapore and Frankfurt. [34][35][a] According to legend, he took an oath to that effect at the temple of Raireshwar near Bhor in the district. A winery in Narayangaon produces sparkling wine from locally-grown Thompson seedless grapes. The 1993 National Games were held in Pune, and the new Sports City hosted the Commonwealth Youth Games in 2008. [114], Pune Airport (IATA: PNQ) is a civil enclave at Lohegaon Air Base, northeast of the city, with service to a number of domestic and international destinations. Pune district forms a part of the tropical monsoon land and therefore shows a significant seasonal variation in temperature as well as rainfall conditions. Maharashtra State Transport buses began operating in 1951 throughout the state. An 1804 military road constructed by the British East India Company reduced the journey to four or five days. It is located at a distance … [104] Telco (now Tata Motors) began operations in 1961, boosting the automotive sector. The Muslim Khalji rulers of the Delhi Sultanate overthrew the Yadavas in 1317, beginning three hundred years of Islamic control. Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference. The city took over the service after the independence in 1947 as Poona Municipal Transport (PMT) which later became Pune Municipal Transport. The sport of pole gymnastics(mallakhamba) was developed in Pune under his patronage by Balambhat Deodhar. Five of these temples are situated in Pune district: A number of historically-important hill forts and castles in the district date back to the Deccan sultanates and Maratha Empire. The region was zoned for industrial development by the state of Maharashtra in the early 1960s. For every 1,000 males age 6 and older, there were 919 females. The town of Junnar has been an important trading and political center for the last two thousand years, and it was first mentioned by Greco-Roman travellers in the early first millennium AD. The governor of the new territories, Mountstuart Elphinstone, appointed a commissioner and left the district's boundaries almost intact. Vol. Temperatures range from 20 to 38 °C (68 to 100 °F), and may reach 40 °C (104 °F). [59] Although the kotwal's salary was as high as 9,000 rupees per month, it included officer salaries (mainly from the Ramoshi caste). Talukas in Pune District, Pune District Map It is situated 560 metres (1,837 feet) above sea level on the Deccan plateau, on the right bank of the Mutha river. Home Dept, 1913. Under the 10+2+3 plan, after completing secondary school students typically enroll for two years in a junior college (also known as pre-university) or a school with a higher secondary curriculum affiliated with the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education or a central board. After India's 1991 economic liberalization, Pune began attracting foreign capital from the information-technology and engineering industries. 200,000 to install water filtration works. Rainfall : 650 To 700 mm. However, Shahaji was apparently considered important enough by the Adilshah to play a key role in the new regime's administration. The district has three government hospitals (Sassoon Hospital, Budhrani and Dr. Ambedkar Hospital) and a number of private hospitals, including MJM Hospital, Sahyadri Hospital, Jahangir Hospital, Sancheti Hospital, Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital, KEM Hospital, Ruby Hall Clinic and Dinanath Mangeshkar Hospital. Their patronage extended to 164 schools (pathshalas) in the city which taught Hindu holy texts (shastras) to Brahmin men. The district's two major rail junctions are Pune Junction and Daund Junction. Summer : 22°C TO 41°C. The Pataleshwar rock-cut temple complex was built during this time, and the area included Theur, Uruli, Chorachi Alandi, and Bhosari. Pune's first bus service began in 1941 with the Silver Bus Company, and Tanga (horse-drawn carriage) drivers went on strike in protest. Pune Mahanagr Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML) Buses reach every part of the city mainly from: Swargate, Deccan Gymkhana, Pune Station, Shivaji Nagar Station, Pune Corporation. Pune is one of district of Maharashtra in India. Marwari (a Hindi dialect with Marathi influences), Gujarati, Malayalam (47,912), Tamil (47,504), Sindhi (40,602), Vadari (a Telugu dialect; 35.282), Lamani (a Hindi dialect; 30,604), Punjabi (28,500), Bengali (22,628) and Konkani (19,594) are spoken by over 10,000 people. Summers, from early March to July, are dry and hot. Ambemohar, a mango-scented rice grown in Bhor taluka and areas near the Western Ghats, is popular throughout Maharashtra. It lies between 18° 32″ North latitude and 73° 51″ East longitude. Boundries Ahmadnagar district on north-east,Solapur district on the south-east, Satara district on south, Raigad district on the west and Thane district on the northe-west. [103] The area around Bhosari was set aside for industrial development by the newly created Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) in the early 1960s, and the corporation provided business infrastructure. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}18°31′48″N 73°50′24″E / 18.53000°N 73.84000°E / 18.53000; 73.84000. The disturbances involved peasants getting the moneylenders to burn their documents and, in some cases, torching their houses.[91]. Five trains operate on the Pune Junction-Talegaon route, and 18 trains operate on the Pune Junction-Lonavla route. Successful candidates receive the National Trade Certificate. [88] Power was used to electrify trains running between Mumbai and Pune and for industrial and residential use, and a dam was built on the Velvandi River in Bhor. Revenue collection was delegated to important chieftains who were henchmen of the Nizamshahi. 632-637. Inter-caste or inter-religious affairs were also resolved with fines. See this page's contributions. Add these and more to your travel plan "QUEENS AND COINS OF INDIA.". Pune district has 13,642 kilometres (8,477 mi) of roads. [121] Eight passenger trains run between Pune Junction and Daund as suburban trains, making the Pune-Daund section a third suburban route. State primary schools in the cities and district are run by the city corporation and Zilla Parishads, respectively; private schools are operated by charitable trusts. On the leeward side of the Western Ghats, it extends to the Deccan Plateau on the east. However, the city's fortunes declined rapidly after the 1795 accession of Baji Rao II. The district has a number of mountain forts and buildings from these eras, in addition to shrines revered by Marathi Hindus (including five of the eight Ashtavinayaka Ganesha temples). Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute 43 (1984): 17-36. sfn error: no target: CITEREFSarkar,_Shivaji_and_His_Times1920 (. Maratha influence waned after the disastrous 1761 Battle of Panipat, and the Nizam of Hyderabad looted the city. [56] The city received an underground sewage system in 1782 which discharged into the river. [89][90], Villages in the district saw rioting in 1875 by peasants protesting Marwari and Gujarati moneylenders. [106] In 2008, General Motors, Volkswagen and Fiat built plants near Pune. The district was central to the founding of the Maratha Empire by Shivaji. [84] According to the 1885 Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Poona, the city and the GIPR had telegraph offices. [41] In the Treaty of Purandar (1665), signed by the Mughal general Mirza Jaisingh and 5 (Feb. 4, 1989), pp. Map: Explore travel map of to get information about road maps, travel routes, city map and street guides of at Times of India Travel The forts and surrounding mountains are popular for trekking.[125]. The Bhosale family received a jagir (land grant), and control of the region shifted among the Bhosale rulers, the sultanates and the Mughals during the century. Home > Maharashtra > Pune. Nanasaheb also developed new commercial, trading, and residential localities: Sadashiv Peth, Narayan Peth, Rasta Peth and Nana Peth. The data on this website is provided by Google Maps, a free online map service one can access and view in a web browser. The Daund and Indapur talukas experience more-frequent droughts than Maval, on the district's western edge. Gorman, M., 1971. The system has two routes: from Pune Junction to Lonavala and to Talegaon. Photo: Footwarrior, CC BY-SA 3.0. The I-League Pune Football Club plays in the league's First Division, and finished third in the 2009–10 season. [110], Major cash crops include sugarcane and oil seeds, including groundnut and sunflower. There were two post offices in the city, which also offered money-order and savings-bank services. Two canals were dug on each riverbank to irrigate land east of the city and supply drinking water to the city and its cantonment. Between 1997 and 2000, IT parks were developed in Aundh and Hinjawadi. Duff, J. G., 1990. It is presided over by a Principal District and Sessions Judge appointed by the state government. Ashtavinayak refers to eight historic Ganesh temples in Pune district and adjacent areas. National and state highways crossing the district include: Bus service by private companies was introduced in Pune shortly before the independence. Some of these villages, such as Kothrud, Katraj, Hadapsar, Hinjawadi and Baner, have become suburbs of Pune. [100] Politicians and other leaders were instrumental in establishing the private institutions.[101][102]. [43][44] According to other accounts, Sambhaji's remains were fed to dogs. Hill stations such as Lonavla and Khandala also date back to the Raj, and remain popular with residents of Pune and Mumbai for holidays. PUNE: The district has been divided into 65 zones to micro-monitor and contain the spread of Covid-19. [96] The fourth-most-populous of India's 640 districts,[2] it has a population density of 603 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,560/sq mi). [62] Many temples like Maruti, Vithoba, Vishnu, Mahadeo, Rama, Krishna and Ganesha temples were built during this era. View satellite images/ street maps of villages in Pune district of Maharashtra, India. Amongst the chieftains was Maloji, who was made a raja in 1595; the districts of Pune and Supa were given to him as a jagir (fief). Maharashtra District FactPage TM: Pune District This two-page report in A-3 paper size format comprises the basic information of a particular district. 2008. In 2010–2011, the number of passengers was about 8,000 a day. [14] The Bahamani Sultanate broke up in the early 16th century; the Nizamshahi kingdom controlled the region for most of the century, with Junnar its first capital. Pune district forms a part of the tropical monsoon land and therefore shows a significant seasonal variation in temperature as well as rainfall conditions. Although express trains on these routes skip many smaller stations, local "passenger trains" stop at each station. The company built a macadam road between the two cities in 1830 which permitted mail-cart service.[76][77]. Elphinstone and other British officers enjoyed Saswad and the fertile valley around it. There were 1,530 villages in the district.[92]. During the 1790s, the city had a population of 600,000. Nightlife in Pune 8. Glushkova, Irina. Of the cropped area, only 116,000 hectares (450 sq mi) are irrigated—nearly half by wells and tanks, and 40 percent by government canals. June is the driest month, and the agricultural sector is considered vulnerable until 20 September. Vol. The district has a long human history. Pune district is divided into 15 talukas (Junnar taluka, Ambegaon taluka, Khed taluka, Maval taluka, Mulshi taluka, Velhe taluka, Bhor taluka, Haveli taluka, Purandar taluka, Pimpri Chinchwad taluka, Pune City taluka, Indapur taluka, Daund taluka, Baramati taluka and Shirur taluka) and 13 panchayat samitis. 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